We will begin this lesson in Romans 10:1 " Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved." We have been saying over and over in these lessons how important it was to Paul that the Jewish people would accept Jesus as their Saviour. God actually called Paul to the Gentiles, but he could not help but desire his own people to come to Jesus Christ. We see that the Lord Jesus desired them to be saved as well as Paul, but they would not. We see in Luke 13:34 "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which killest the prophets, and stonest them that are sent unto thee; how often would I have gathered thy children together, as a hen [doth gather] her brood under [her] wings, and ye would not!" Romans 10:2 "For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge." It is so strange to me that the people who were supposed to know the Word of God the best did not truly understand what that Word was saying, and they rejected their promised Messiah. The Scripture above, says that it was for lack of knowledge. Perhaps, it was for lack of understanding what they were reading. Hosea 4:6 "My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children." Even we Christians are warned of the dangers of lack of knowledge. Romans 10:3 "For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God." We see from the following Scriptures, the self righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees and how it displeased God. Luke 18:9 "And he spake this parable unto certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others:" Luke 18:10 "Two men went up into the temple to pray; the one a Pharisee, and the other a publican." Luke 18:11 "The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men [are], extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican." Luke 18:12 "I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess." Luke 18:13 "And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as [his] eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying, God be merciful to me a sinner." Luke 18:14 "I tell you, this man went down to his house justified [rather] than the other: for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted." God loves the humble in heart who are looking to Jesus Christ for their righteousness. Romans 10:4 "For Christ [is] the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth." Jeremiah 23:6 "In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this [is] his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS." This is possibly one of the most beautiful names of Jesus Christ in all the Bible, and in the name we see what the Lord has truly done for us. We take on His righteousness, because our righteousness is but filthy rags. Isaiah 64:6 "But we are all as an unclean [thing], and all our righteousnesses [are] as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away." We really must depend on the righteousness of Christ to save us. We put it on when we are washed in the blood of the Lamb [Jesus Christ]. Romans 10:5 "For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them." Leviticus 18:5 "Ye shall therefore keep my statutes, and my judgments: which if a man do, he shall live in them: I [am] the LORD." There were literally hundreds of the Levitical laws that had to be kept to be righteous in the law. There was absolutely no way that a person could even keep up with them, much less keep them. Jesus came and fulfilled them for us that we might live by the grace of God. Romans 10:6 "But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down [from above]:)" Romans 10:7 "Or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead.)" Deuteronomy 30:11 "For this commandment which I command thee this day, it [is] not hidden from thee, neither [is] it far off." Deuteronomy 30:12 "It [is] not in heaven, that thou shouldest say, Who shall go up for us to heaven, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it?" Deuteronomy 30:13 "Neither [is] it beyond the sea, that thou shouldest say, Who shall go over the sea for us, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it?" Deuteronomy 30:14 "But the word [is] very nigh unto thee, in thy mouth, and in thy heart, that thou mayest do it." We really had very little to do with the great gift God gave us of His only Son to give His body on the cross that we might live. God loved us while we were yet in sin. The gift of righteousness He provided for us is free, all we have to do is believe and receive it. Romans 10:8 "But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, [even] in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach;" Matthew 10:32 "Whosoever therefore shall confess me before men, him will I confess also before my Father which is in heaven." Matthew 10:33 "But whosoever shall deny me before men, him will I also deny before my Father which is in heaven." We can clearly see the importance of the things we say from all of this. Faith, we know is believing in things we cannot see. If you can see something, it takes no faith to believe. Jesus Himself said, blessed are those who have not seen and yet believed. John 20:29 "Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed [are] they that have not seen, and [yet] have believed." Romans 10:9 "That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved." This leaves absolutely no doubt at all what we must do to be saved. We also read that our father Abraham believed and it was counted unto him for righteousness. Genesis 15:6 "And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness." Romans 10:10 "For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation." Verse 9 and 10 above are used in my messages very often, because it leaves no doubt at all what you and I must do to be saved. Really the first baptism takes place in your heart. When you repent of your sins, Jesus washes your heart with His blood and you receive a brand new heart with the laws of God written on the fleshly parts of your heart. It is like a heart transplant. Jesus has given you a brand new heart, washed in the blood of the Lamb. Romans 10:11 "For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed." I Peter 2:6 "Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded." If you have really made Jesus the Lord of your life, you want to tell everybody you see. Christians are the bride of Christ. Have you ever seen a new bride that can keep quiet about her groom? Romans 10:12 "For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him." Galatians 3:28 "There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus." We see from this that the only thing that can keep us from receiving Christ is ourself. If we refuse to receive Him, in our life, He will not force Himself on us. If we truly want to receive Him He will not deny us. Revelation 22:17 "And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely." Romans 10:13 "For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved." Acts 2:21 "And it shall come to pass, [that] whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved." We see from these 2 Scriptures that God answers when we call on Him. His greatest desire is that all will come to Him. Romans 10:14 "How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher?" Now, we see the reason God chose preachers to work here on the earth. I Corinthians 1:21 "For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe." We, also, see by the foolish things of this world God confounded the wise. I Corinthians 1:27 "But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty;" Romans 10:15 "And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things!" Isaiah 52:7 "How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace; that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation; that saith unto Zion, Thy God reigneth!" We see, here, almost the exact Scripture. The God of the Old Testament is the same as the God of the New Testament. Matthew 28:19 "Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:" Matthew 28:20 "Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, [even] unto the end of the world. Amen." Romans 10:16 "But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?" Hebrews 4:2 "For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it]." As we have said in so many of these lessons, it is not profitable to just hear the Truth, we must accept it and live by it, also. Romans 10:17 "So then faith [cometh] by hearing, and hearing by the word of God." Luke 11:28 "But he said, Yea rather, blessed [are] they that hear the word of God, and keep it." It is the Word of God that is powerful, that convicts us of our sin and sets us on the road to salvation. Look at the next Scripture and see just how powerful this Word is. Hebrews 4:12 "For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart." Romans 10:18 "But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world." Matthew 24:14 "And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come." With the advantage of television and satellite dishes, we have seen this Scripture above fulfilled. Man is without excuse before God; we have been forewarned. Romans 10:19 "But I say, Did not Israel know? First Moses saith, I will provoke you to jealousy by [them that are] no people, [and] by a foolish nation I will anger you." Romans 10:20 "But Esaias is very bold, and saith, I was found of them that sought me not; I was made manifest unto them that asked not after me." Romans 10:21 "But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people." We will see that the Gentiles were not God's first choice to bring the salvation message to, but when the Jewish people rejected Jesus, then salvation was offered to the Gentile. Jeremiah 35:15 "I have sent also unto you all my servants the prophets, rising up early and sending [them], saying, Return ye now every man from his evil way, and amend your doings, and go not after other gods to serve them, and ye shall dwell in the land which I have given to you and to your fathers: but ye have not inclined your ear, nor hearkened unto me." God gave them literally thousands of years to repent and follow Him and they did not.